Progress on electricity has been too slow
While emission reductions in the power sector are on track with the EU’s own set trajectory, important underlying drivers are not. Renewable energy growth has seen mixed progress with solar largely on track while wind energy needs to at least double. Fossil fuel phase-out needs to be sped up substantially as it was hampered in recent years by limited reductions in coal and other fossil power since 2019. There are insufficient data to track progress on electricity market development, grid investments, grid digitalisation, and clean flexibility options, both on the supply and demand sides. The EU has taken a proactive role in designing new market rules but has only recently stepped up efforts on integrated grid planning and the inclusion of clean flexibility options.